The spheres of political tension in Jordan overlap configurationally and influentially as follows:
• The first sphere: the Palestinian-Jordanian fission;
• The second sphere: regional pressure opposing reform (Saudi Arabia in particular) versus international support (the United States) and popular forces in favor of reform with dissimilar motives for each of the parties;
• The third sphere: the economic crisis and dependence on aid
• The fourth sphere: the strength of the Islamic movement relative to other political forces;
• The fifth sphere: the movement of marginalized parties in the state, especially in areas of traditional advocacy of the political regime.